SALSAT - Spectrum AnaLysis SATellite
- Artistic Impression of SALSAT during an overflight in the low earth orbit
- © TUB
Launch & LEOP Information
- 2020-09-28 11:20:32 UTC Launch at Plesetsk Cosmodrome
- 2020-09-28 14:46:12 UTC Separation
- 2020-09-28 23:11:37 UTC First contact (callsign DP0WER)
- 2020-09-29 Core System checkout
- 2020-09-30 Historic
- 2020-09-30 Regarding our
and community Doppler observations SALSAT is probably
object 2020-068K (SCN 46495) but not finally confirmed yet
- ... commissioning
The following Links can be used for further updates/information about the project and launch:
- Updated Website: TU Homepage 
- Social Media: Follow TUBSpace  and SALSAT  on Twitter!
- Documents: Amateur Radio Informations 
- Youtube Trailer: English  / Deutsch 
- Youtube Interview: TU Interview 
See the TUBIX10-COM document  for Communication System Specifications incl. preliminary LEOP TLE. To import the TLE data directly into your orbit prediction tool you can use this source  hosted by DK0TU.
- SALSAT Team Members in front of the S band antenna of TU Berlin's groundstation
- © TUB
- SALSAT Team Members at the Integration Facility in September 2020
- © TUB
The research project SALSAT (Spectrum AnaLysis SATellite) develops, launches and operates a nanosatellite with a payload for in-orbit spectrum analysis. The primary payload is the spectrum-analyzer SALSA , which has been developed and space-qualified within the recent research activities of the chair of space technology. SALSAT is based on the TUBiX10 satellite bus which has been developed at the Technische Universität (TU) Berlin. An existing flight spare satellite of the S-Net  mission is utilized and modified to accommodate the specific needs of the SALSAT mission. The primary focus of the project consists of the design of Hard- and Software components as well as the operation of SALSAT in orbit. Scientific data for the analysis of the global spectrum use is gathered and processed throughout the mission lifetime. The data is used to generate heatmaps of the global spectrum use as well as to detect harmful interference. Study groups of the ITU for spectrum analysis for small satellites are also accompanied in the scope of the SALSAT mission.
The SALSAT mission consists of the primary payload SALSA , which is a spectrum analyzer for the analysis of the spectrum utilization from the low earth orbit. SALSA solely analyzes the portion of the spectrum which is utilized for satellite communication (e.g. amateur radio bands). The following frequency bands will be analayzed:
- VHF: 145.80 – 174.00 MHz
- UHF: 400.15 – 420.00 MHz
435.00 – 438.00 MHz
- S band: 2 075.00 – 2 095.00
2 255.00 – 2 275.00 MHz
The spectrum utilization will be collected and analyzed within these frequencies. As a result a global heatmap of the spectrum utilization over time and location will be generated.
The SALSAT mission will also feature multiple secondary payloads:
- Laser-Retroreflectors for ground-based high accuracy orbit determination
- Optical paylaoad for verification of the attitude control system of SALSAT
- Novel Fluiddynamic Actuator (FDA ) for attitude control of nanosatellites
- Modified S-Link RF transceiver for full-duplex communication in the S band
SALSAT is a Spectrum AnaLysis SATellite. The main objective is an analysis of the actual used (amateur & scientific) spectrum to obtain a better understanding of the current challenges of frequency coordination. The Amateur spectrum data will be made available to the interested public. Space research payload data will be requested and downlinked in space research service bands. SALSAT does not include any commercial mission and does not use amateur bands for non-amateur services.
Detailed Information on how-to contact SALSAT (e.g. telemetry formats) can be found on the amateur radio website  of the chair.
The spectrum data in the amateur radio bands collected over the course of the mission will be published in a online database (s/t the MarconISStadatabase ). Detailed information will be published during the operational phase of SALSAT in 2021.
The reason for not using amateur-satellite bands in S band is that
the transceiver has a proprietary
protocol that is not published by the manufacturer (IQWireless). Most of the spectrum data will be downlinked via this COM system. The S band transceiver has both uplink and downlink functionalities and is therefore independent from the UHF COM system.
Within several hands-on classes and projects TU Berlin uses Amateur
UHF to teach satellite operations and communication technology.
Currently these courses are:
- Amateur Radio Novice and Advanced Class
- Spaceflight Planning and Operations,
- Project Satellite Operations,
- Project Amateur Radio,
- Project Satellite Communications
Through these courses, we so far helped ~40 radio amateurs to obtain their license.
Nominal TT&C of the satellite and amateur payloads will be conducted in amateur-satellite bands.
The SALSAT Team
|project lead||Jens Großhans, M.Sc.
engineer||Dipl.-Ing. Huu Quan Vu
engineer ||Philipp Wüstenberg, M.Sc.
engineer ||Michael Pust, M.Sc.
engineer||Sebastian Lange, M.Sc.
assistant||Alexander Balke, B.Eng.
assistant||Thee Vanichangkul, B.Eng.
Preparatory research projects
As previously mentioned the SALSAT project conducts in-orbit spectrum analysis in defined RF bands. The chair of space technology at the TU Berlin conducted preparatory work within the scope of two completed research projects (REPIN and SALSA ). These projects established the theoretical and practical foundation for the SALSAT mission. The utilized satellite bus (TUBiX10) has been developed and space qualified within the S-Net  project. This project also utilizes the SLink  RF transceiver. The secondary payload for attitude control is developed, qualified and manufactured within the FDA  project.
This paragraph contains the main technical parameters of SALSAT. It shall be mentioned that the exact parameter evolve during the development process. The table below represents the technical specifications at the stage of the Flight Readiness Review (FRR) in July 2020.
|Orbit ||575 km (SSO)|
|Launch Date||September 28th
x 240 x 240 mm³|
|Communication||UHF (TM/TC), S band
(UL/DL of payload data)|
Control||3-axis control with MEMS sensors, magnetorquers
and reaction wheels|
optical camera, 3-axis Fluid-Dynamic Actuation system (FDA), Linux
based processing system (IPU), S-band transceiver (SLINK) and Laser
|Author||Yoon, Zizung and Terzibaschian, Thomas and Raschke, Christian|
|Title of Book||8th. International ESA Conference on Guidance, Navigation & Control Systems|
|Abstract||Providing cost-effective space access further on with increased autonomy, robustness and fault tolerance within the AOCS will be a key for technical and economical break-through of small satellites. This paper presents design, implementation, and test results of the attitude and orbit control system (AOCS) of the small satellite OOV TET (launch mass 120 kg). Particular attention is paid to the implementation of fault tolerant design and high accurate attitude control performance of the AOCS. The redundancy management concept and robust control core are presented. Furthermore the fault detection, isolation and recovery (FDIR) mechanism, which are implemented in various functional levels, are shown. Finally the paper presents the test strategy and test results for verifying the hardware and proposed fault tolerant design. The FDIR mechanism and robust control algorithm was extensively tested and verified via a newly developed state-of-the-art air bearing test bed. Hardware in the loop test as well as a complete AOCS check on subsystem level was performed on the test bed.|
FachgebietsleitungProf. Dr.-Ing. Enrico Stoll
Tel. +49 30 314-21339
Room F 515