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Information for radio amateurs

This page is dedicated to the amateur radio community and lists information related to our active satellite missions. 

LEOP and Commisioning News for BEESAT 9-13

  • 2019-07-15: We use NORAD ID 44412 to track BEESAT-9. GNSS data from BEESAT-9 shows that the spacecraft's position matches the NORAD TLEs with residuals of less than 2 km 
  • 2019-07-05 12:15 UTC: First contact to BEESAT-9 established, spacecraft is healthy, all subsystems nominal
  • BEESAT 9-13 will be launched on July 5, 2019 at 05:41:46 UTC
  • BEESAT-9 TLE (also valid for BEESAT 10-13 in the early orbit phase):
    1 99990U 19001a   19186.42129861  .00000000  00000-0  00000-0 0    19
    2 99990 097.5444 148.1364 0018488 174.4536 124.7361 15.14664823    12
  • BEESAT-9 will activate its beacon mode at around 10:37:30 UTC on July 5, 2019
    It sends the callsign DP0BEM as morse code via FM carrier (F2A).

Active Missions

Overview of active missions
Mission
NORAD
Frequency
Modulation
Baudrate
Callsign
BEESAT-1
35933
435.950 MHz
GMSK
4k8
DP0BEE
BEESAT-2
39136
435.950 MHz
GMSK
4k8 or 9k6
DP0BEF
BEESAT-3
39135
435.950 MHz
GMSK
4k8
DP0BEG
BEESAT-4
41619
435.950 MHz
GMSK
4k8 or 9k6
DP0BEH
BEESAT-9
t.b.d.
435.950 MHz
GMSK
4k8 or 9k6
DP0BEM
BEESAT-10…13
t.b.d.
requested 435.950 MHz
GMSK
1k2
TechnoSat
42829
435.950 MHz
GMSK
4k8
DP0TBA
S-NET
43186,
43187,
43188,
43189
435.950 MHz
FFSK
1k2
DP0TBB,
DP0TBC,
DP0TBD,
DP0TBE

All missions use half-duplex communications. Therefore, the above listed frequencies are valid for Up- and Downlink.

BEESATs and TechnoSat

Decoding Tools

A GNU radio out of tree (OOT) module is published on GitHub which can be used to demodulate raw data frames from our satellites. It demodulates the bit stream modulated with GMSK and also the Mobitex data-link layer protocol. Additionally, the Soundmodem from UZ7HO supports demodulation of Mobitex frames. 

General Information

The standard baudrate is 4800 bps but can be switched to 9600 bps for increased channel capacity at higher elevations. Each transmission at the higher baudrate is announced by a small 4800 bps header to allow for adaptive receiver re-configuration. The output power of the satellites is 27 dBm (0.5 W) for all BEESATs and 30 dBm (1 W) for TechnoSat using quarter-wave monopole antennas with toroidal radiation pattern.

On the data-link layer - as described by the OSI model - all BEESATs and TechnoSat make use of the Mobitex protocol. The modem chip used on BEESAT-1 to -4 is CML CMX909b. It includes scrambling and interleaving features and forward error correction is also performed internally.

The transport layer uses individual frame headers for addressing multiple satellites and for handling variable length messages. Additionally, backward error correction adds to data consistency and transmission safety when needed. Both protocol features are realized by the attached microcontroller of the on-board and groundstation TNC.

Terminal Node Controller (TNC)

Lupe

Telecommand uplink and telemetry downlink always passes the terminal node controllers which are responsible for failure tolerant communication between the on-board computer and the groundstation's telemetry and telecommand server.

You may find a schematics of the TNC in the download section of this page for reference.

Submitting Telemetry Frames

The Chair of Space Technology operates a telemetry collector server to receive raw data frames via the Simple Downlink Share Convention (SiDS). Frames can be submitted through the URL http://fachgebiet.rft.tu-berlin.de/ham/telemetry/send

Helpful Links

GNU Radio Modules: github.com/kappiman/beesat-sdr
Also included in gr-satellites repository by EA4GPZ

Telemetry Collector Server: fachgebiet.rft.tu-berlin.de/ham/telemetry/send

Telemetry Decoders by DK3WN: www.dk3wn.info/p/?page_id=75524

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